The physics of where to put a WI-FI ROUTER: Scientist proves that the centre of your home is best for signal strength Jason Cole at Imperial College London simulated Wi-Fi router locations Through complex equations he proved the centre of a home was the best place for optimum connection He had been frustrated by blackspots in his flat when accessing the internet Walls, doors and corners were found to greatly decrease signal strength His simulation found there was no substitute for line-of-sight to the router While he has not tried the simulation in the real world yet, he tells MailOnline some people have suggested ‘taping an antenna to a robot vacuum cleaner’

Deciding where to place a Wi-Fi router at home to minimise signal blackspots is a fine art.

But a physicist has attempted to tackle the problem by mathematically working out the optimum position for a router.

He studied how walls and reflections affected signal strength and concluded that, as common sense might suggest, there’s just no beating the centre of a house for router location.

Jason Cole at Imperial College London simulated Wi-Fi router locations (shown above in the diagram of Mr Cole’s flat). He found that the best location, as common sense might suggest, was in the centre of a home. He had grown frustrated after finding blackspots in his flat

The ‘complex’ research was carried out by Jason Cole, a PhD physics student at the John Adams Institute at Imperial College London.

ARE WI-FI SIGNALS DANGEROUS? Wi-Fi signals use very low intensity radio waves. Whilst similar in wavelength to domestic microwave radiation, the intensity of Wi-Fi radiation is 100,000 times less than that of a domestic microwave oven.

The type of radiation emitted by radio waves (Wi-Fi), visible light, microwaves and mobile phones has been shown to raise the temperature of tissue at very high levels of exposure – but that’s much higher than what people are subjected to on a regular basis.

This is called a thermal interaction, but researchers are divided as to whether the radiation we receive daily can cause damage.

The UK Health Protection Agency (HPA) has been monitoring the safety of Wi-Fi. It says people using Wi-Fi, or those in the proximity, are exposed to the radio signals it emits – and some of the transmitted energy in the signals is absorbed in their bodies.

However, the signals are very low power. Sitting in a Wi-Fi hotspot for a year results in receiving the same dose of radio waves as making a 20 minute mobile phone call.

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Benin has numerous markets strewn across the city to cater for the needs of its inhabitants as well as to serve as sales outlets for the numerous farm produce cultivated in the rural areas of the state. The nodal nature of Benin makes it an ideal place for various commercial activities as these farm produce can be easily transported to cities like Lagos, Abuja and Port Harcourt

A visit to the major markets in Benin shows that there is still a lot that can be done by both the government and traders to make shopping in Benin a better experience.This article is on the top 10 popular markets in Benin CityA market in Benin CityGods Market (Ekiosa) This market is located along Sakponba road, stretching across second and third east circular (Murtala Muhammed Way) roads at the very heart of Benin City. The name of the market (Eki meaning market and Osa meaning God) is related to the origins of the market.

It is reportedly traced back to the days of the arrival of the early Jehovah Witness missionaries in Benin City, when the once bushy area was used as a venue for crusades. The local traders intended to take advantage of the large crowds that gathered during these religious events to sell their wares.Ekiosa is known as a bustling market where foodstuffs such as rice and beans brought from outside Edo State, as well as locally grown food items like yams, melons, vegetables, etc. are sold at quite affordable rates.

However, it is somewhat ironical considering its name and origin that the market is also a major hub for the sale of traditional worship and ritual materials (locally called kemwinkemwin).Shopping at ekiosa is quite convenient with parking spaces available for a small fee along the second east circular road.

Oba Market (Ekioba) The Oba market is located at ring road Benin City, right in the city centre. This market is probable the oldest of the large markets in Benin as it is recorded that business activities were taking place at the same location as far back as the 15th century as they are today.Oba market is known for the sale of food items, clothes and fabrics, traditional beads, jewellery, and it also has a major mobile phone shopping plaza as well as computer sales and repair services.

A prominent feature of Oba market is the Emotan statue and shrine located right opposite the market.Agbado Market (Ekiagbado) Agbado market is located along the Akpakpava and mission road axis of the city.

Agbado market which was created by Ogiso Ere and was named Ogiso market (16 and 66 AD) is the first market in Benin kingdom but was later renamed Agbado market. Although food items, clothes and other items can be purchased there, it is mostly known as a market where all forms of cooking utensils such as pots, pans, spoons, plates and kitchen paraphernalia are sold in large quantities at affordable prices. Agbado market also has a large plastics sale section.Shopping at ekiagbado is quite convenient because of its layout and accessible car park.

New Benin Market The New Benin market is located in the New Benin, Mission road and New Lagos road area. It is probably the busiest market in Benin City. A wide range of commodities are sold there at really good prices such as food items, electronics and electricals, clothes and fabrics, traditional beads as well as a large bush meat section.Probably due to its super busy nature, New Benin market is very crowded and quite disorganised.

Not only is there a persistent traffic grid lock around the market, it is also quite filthy due to inefficient waste disposal system. It is a common sight to see decaying food and animal remains around the market, resulting in the constant stench that seems to hang around the market.New Benin market is also associated with poor parking and unregulated street trading.

Santana Market Santana market is located along Sapele road in Benin City. Items traded at Santana market include food items, beverages, and fish mostly brought in from neighbouring Delta state.

It is a major cause of traffic jam along sapele road because of shoppers who have to park along the road because of the unavailability of a suitable carpark.Uselu Market (Edaiken Market) Uselu market is one of the most prominent markets in Benin City, located on the Ugbowo Lagos road in Egor Local Government Area.

Uselu market stocks practically anything from food items, clothes, fabrics, vegetables, meat, plastics, cooking utensils, cosmetics, drinks and beverages. It is highly patronised by people living around the Ugbowo area and also students of the University of Benin because of the proximity of the market to the Ugbowo campus.Shopping at Uselu market is quite convenient but parking could be a bit of a challenge.

Oliha Market The Oliha market is located in the Siluko road area of Benin City. It serves as a major trade outlet for the farm produce cultivated in the interior villages. Apart from the farm produce, Oliha market also has sections for clothes, food items, drinks, locally made beads and fabrics.Along with Ekiosa market, Oliha market is well known for the sale of objects of Benin traditional worship and rituals such as native chalk, red, white and black fabrics, alligator pepper, tortoise, ostrich feathers, animal skulls and bones, etc.

Oregbeni Market (Ikpoba Hill Market) Oregbeni market also known as Ikpoba Hill market is located in Ikpoba Hill in Ikpoba – Okha local government area of Edo state. Oregbeni market is not a daily market, it holds traditionally every four days. The market days usually draws customers from far and wide because of its huge stock of freshly harvested crops, fruits and vegetables and also its strategic location.Due to street trading and the large number of customers, the market days are often characterised by heavy traffic in the Ikpoba Hill area.

Ugbogiobo Market Ugbogiobo market is located in Ovia North East local government area of Edo State. The market opens traditionally every four days. It is well known for the sale of fresh food crops and fruits brought in from the hinterland. It is also a major palm oil and cassava flakes (garri) hub in Benin City.
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Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, OwoAcademic activities were yesterday suspended following the gruesome murder of a lecturer of the Rufus Giwa Polytechnic, Owo, Ondo State, Mr. Taiwo Akinyemi, by kidnappers.

Akinyemi was abducted on Tuesday along with three others near Amurin Village along Owo-Akure Road.

The killing may be due to the inability of the kidnappers to pick the N500,000 ransom where it was placed as three other victims kidnapped with Akinyemi had regained their freedom.

The ransom was still intact after Akinyemi’s body was found by a farmer, suggesting that his abductors might have killed him because they could not find the money where it was dropped by the institution who negotiated his release.

It was gathered that the kidnappers tied the 52-year-old lecturer to a tree and used his clothes to tie him before shooting him. The kidnappers also macheted him gruesomely.

Akinyemi’s murder led to the suspension of the second semester examination scheduled to begin yesterday while students and staff of the institution moved round the school in procession as a mark of respect for the deceased.

Governor Rotimi Akeredolu also suspended all official assignments and rushed to the school to commiserate with the academic community, describing the lecturer’s death as unfortunate.

The body of the 52-year-old lecturer was found in a bush tied to a stick on Sunday evening after being in the den of the kidnappers for six days.

Addressing journalists, chairman of the Senior Staff Association of Nigerian Polytechnic (SSANIP), RUGIPO chapter, Chris Olowolade, described the death of the father of three as sad. He explained that the union had entered into negotiation with the kidnappers in order to secure his release.

“We lost him to the kidnappers and received his body yesterday. The kidnappers placed a ransom of N100 million on him, which nobody can afford but they reduced it to N7 million after two days and later grudgingly asked us to come with N500,000.

The money was taken to them and the person who took the money was directed by the kidnappers to where he should drop the money. They asked him to stop, reverse and move just to confirm if he was the actual person bringing the money.

“But after some hours, they called that the man bringing the money should come back that they didn’t see the money, only for the Rector to be called yesterday to come and identify a body. We rushed to the morgue and discovered it was his body.

“The body was recovered by the police and deposited at the morgue, it show he was badly maltreated before he was killed. We, however, recovered the N500,000 ransom taken to them. We suspect that maybe Akinyemi died in their hands before the ransom was taken to them,” he said adding that the deceased was shot at the back by the kidnappers while he was also heavily macheted before he was killed.

Addressing the institution’s community, Akeredolu explained that the state government and the security operatives tried to rescue the deceased.

He gave the assurance that the government would be committed to the security of lives and property, saying he has directed the security operatives in the state to increase road patrol to curb the activities of kidnappers on the roads.

The state Police Public Relations Officer, Femi Joseph, policemen are on the trail of the kidnappers but no arrest has been made. He enjoined the people to be more security conscious and report strange faces or movement to the police.

Meanwhile, the Nigerian Medical Association (NMA) in the state has called on the state government to convene a security summit to address the incessant kidnap and killings in the state.

The state’s NMA chairman, Dr. Olawale Oke, made the call yesterday in Akure at a press conference.

The association expressed its dissatisfaction with the security situation in the state following the kidnap of a pregnant doctor and two nurses by gunmen on the Akure-Owo Road on Thursday.

“It is on this note that we are crying to the whole world that those that are carrying out their legitimate duties are no longer safe in Ondo State.

“We, therefore, call on the Chief Security Officer of this state, Rotimi Akeredolu, to do the needful by paying more attention to the security of lives and property of the people in the state so that law-abiding citizens can be more productive. There is an urgent need to call a real state security summit, which will address the present situation and proffer general panacea to insecurity,” he stated.

In another development, the police command in Nasarawa State has confirmed the abduction of David Ayele, the All Progressives Congress (APC) candidate for Obi II constituency in the 2019 election.

Kennedy Idirisu, a superintendent of police and the command`s spokesman, told journalists yesterday in Lafia, the state capital that the politician was abducted by gunmen from his Lafia residence around Tudun Kauri at about 8:00p.m. on Sunday.

Idirisu said the police responded immediately the report was made by trailing the suspects and later found the victim`s car along Obi-Awe road.

He said the police was working to ensure that the victim was rescued and also stem the tide of kidnapping in the state.

“We have deployed our men to comb the area where the victim`s car was found and we are also gathering intelligence that would lead to the rescue of the victim,” he said.

The spokesperson appealed to the public to always report suspicious movements in their areas to security agencies for prompt action.

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This Christmas is the perfect time for you to buy your kids a robot toy for them to enjoy and maybe learn a few things from. Here’s a look at some of the best robot toys out there for kids of all ages.

There are plenty of different robot toys out there so we’ve narrowed things down to key areas like the age of your kids, and what you want them to gain from the robot. Of course, they’re all great fun to play with but a few of these toys will also teach your kids useful skills such as programming concepts—if you’re looking for even more options to encourage an interesting in coding and science check out our favorite coding kits for kids and coding toys. As for robots, here’s our pick of the bunch.

Best For Toddlers: Dimple Wireless Remote Control Robot Puppy ($45)

There’s barely an age that’s too young for robot toys these days. That’s thanks to cute robotic toys like Dimple the Wireless Remote Control Robot Puppy. The pooch offers multiple different play modes, with the ability to sing, dance, crawl, stand, and speak. He can teach your kids the alphabet, as well as play familiar songs to teach them key concepts. As you’d expect, he’s super cute looking too.

Dimple charges via USB and his remote works from up to 6.5 feet away, so he’s simple to use yet technologically sound. Consider him a fine introduction to intelligent toys.BUY ON AMAZON

Best For Simple Programming: Makeblock Codey Rocky ($99)

The Makeblock Codey Rocky is a cute little robot that rides around on wheels. You can teach him basic actions like following a circuit, relaying a message on his LED screen, and even get him to say hello.

Where things get smarter is through his 10 programmable electronic sensors, including a gyroscope, so that programming potential is fairly varied. You can even attach building blocks like LEGO pieces to him, to expand his look and style. There’s the option of hooking him up to IoT devices too.

This gets a little complicated though, so Codey Rocky’s greatest strength as a Christmas gift lies in the simple tasks you can teach him, and his durability. Your toddler can drop him without much issue, while your older child can teach him basic commands. Effectively, he can grow with your child’s knowledge. We looked at him in-depth earlier this year.BUY ON AMAZON

Best For Voice Activation: Wonder Workshop Dash ($120)

Wonder Workshop’s Dash is a lot like Codey Rocky but with a few neat extra features. Notably, Dash will listen to your child’s voice and respond accordingly. As well as that, kids can program it, giving them the opportunity to learn about loops, events, and conditions. Dash Challenge Cards are included which teach you and your child more about what everything means. Several games are built into Dash but you can code many more too.

The robot is used in various schools around the world, so you know it’s educational. For older kids, consider buying Cue, a similar but more advanced take on Dash with a slew of features that appeal to tweens and teens.BUY ON AMAZON

Best For Star Wars Fans: BB-8 Sphero ($100)

Who doesn’t love BB-8? The beloved Star Wars robot is cute and full of personality. The BB-8 Sphero captures some of that magic, and gives your kids a cute robot companion of their own.

The device has autonomous behavior so BB-8 will happily head out on patrol on his own, checking out what’s going on around your home. He’ll also happily watch Star Wars films with you, and react accordingly.

He’s smart too. You can use character specific commands to program him, learning a little about STEM subjects along the way. There’s the option of controlling him via your smartphone or a rather neat Force Band too, giving your kids plenty of control. He’s cute and plucky — just like the film version.BUY ON AMAZON

Best For The Cute Factor: UBTECH JIMU Unicornbot ($120)

Robots are often cute but, well, they look like robots. The UBTECH JIMU Unicornbot looks like a unicorn that was transformed Robocop style into a cyborg. Luckily, he looks far happier than Robocop. Kids need to build the robot themselves with 440 snap together pieces keeping them occupied for much of Christmas morning.

Once constructed, it’s possible to use the unicorn’s many sensors to program him to do many things. You can get his magical horn to change color on command, or you can teach him to wander around the room. It’s all done via Blockly coding so it’s pretty intuitive. Even if your kids don’t remember much from their programming lessons, who could resist the allure of a cute unicorn roaming around?BUY ON AMAZON

Best For Alexa Support: Anki Vector ($250)

You name it, there’s Alexa support. Admittedly, the Anki Vector doesn’t have Alexa support just yet, but it’s coming soon. Regardless, it’s a pretty powerful robot that’s keen to help out at every turn.

He’s voice-activated and answers questions as varied as what the weather is to converting measurement units for you. He’ll take photos, time dinner, and solve mathematical equations along the way. As well as that, Anki Vector can independently navigate, head back to base when he needs to charge up, as well as recognize people and dodge obstacles. You can’t program him like with the other robots, but he is a tiny glimpse into a future that could be awesome or could all go a bit Terminator-ish.BUY ON AMAZON

Best For Advanced Robotics: Sphero ($150)

If your child is a little older, they’ll be less fussed about how cute the robot is and more interested in what it can do. Sphero is a good solution here. It’s a robotic ball that can be programmed quite extensively. With an 8×8 LED matrix, you can animate it and display real-time data as you progress. There are also programmable sensors including infrared, compass, light sensor, gyroscope, accelerometer, and motor encoders. Impressively, it’s waterproof and durable too.

Powered via the Sphere Edu app, it’s possible to program it via drawing, using Scratch blocks, or by writing Javascript, so it caters for a variety of different skill levels. It might not be cute, but it’s certainly powerful.

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Former Nigerian president Olusegun Obasanjo has insisted that the country’s current president Muhammadu Buhari must be voted out when the West African nation goes to poll in 2019.

Obasanjo, who supported Buhari in 2015 against Goodluck Jonathan, said in a statement on Sunday that his former ally had done almost nothing to reposition the country.

Buhari rode into power in 2015 on the wings of populist promises of remodelling the economy, fighting biting insecurity, especially in northeast Nigeria and rein in the reign of corruption that has blighted the country for decades.

But critics like the former president said Buhari’s government has performed way below expectations.

In January, the former president accused Buhari of being nepotistic and said the president was lacking in the requisite capacity to make Nigeria better.

Obasanjo acknowledged his complicity in making a man who he said “is weak in the knowledge and understanding of the economy” the president. He said he thought that Buhari could make “use of good Nigerians in that area.”

“The lice of poor performance in government – poverty, insecurity, poor economic management, nepotism, gross dereliction of duty, condonation of misdeed – if not outright encouragement of it, lack of progress and hope for the future, lack of national cohesion and poor management of internal political dynamics and widening inequality – are very much with us today,” Obasanjo said in a 13-page statement titled ‘The Way Out: A Clarion Call for Coalition for Nigeria Movement’ at the beginning of the year.

He doubled down on those claims in the Sunday statement issued by his media aide Kehinde Akinyemi.

Akinyemi said his principal believes that “only a fool will sit on the fence or be neutral when his or her country is being destroyed with incompetence, corruption, lack of focus, insecurity, nepotism, brazen impunity and denial of the obvious.”

That Sunday statement came after a News Agency of Nigeria’s report said Obasanjo had chosen to be a neutral participant as Africa’s most populous nation prepares for general elections.

The report noted that Obasanjo had shifted “gear to neutral, from outright partisanship and endorsement of the opposition candidate.”

“It is disingenuous, if not malicious, for anyone to suggest that Chief Obasanjo was being neutral when he chose not to use the Owu Convention as a platform for political campaign but instead adopt a communal and familial approach in talking to members of his Owu family,” Akinyemi said.

“For the records, and as accurately reported by some media organisations, what the former president said at the convention in Iwo was that while he would not impress any candidates on them, Nigerians should vote for credible candidates who will drive growth and development and make their lives better than it is now.”

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“You mean Jakande is living here in Ilupeju? I can’t believe it. I thought he lives in Lekki or Ikoyi,” said a commercial motorcyclist who took this reporter from Anthony Bus Stop to the Ilupeju residence of Alhaji Lateef Kayode Jakande, the first civilian governor of Lagos State.


Jakande, now 88, was born on July 29, 1929 and served as the first governor of Lagos between October 1979 and December 1983 when he religiously implemented the four cardinal programmes of the defunct Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN.

Alhaji Lateef Jakande, popularly known as LKJ, is one of the last men standing among the group of eminent Nigerians who served their respective states as first civilian governors. He was Lagos governor for four years and three months, having been re-elected for a second term in 1983, only for the tenure to be truncated by a military coup.


Thirty-four years after, his legacies pervade the entire length and breadth of Lagos State. Many market men and women, artisans, traders, Danfo drivers, Okada riders and many business men in Lagos might not have met him before but his name resonates often among them.

But has the state accorded Jakande the honour and respect he deserves today? This is the poser analysts and commentators have ceaselessly pondered on.

Jakande’s record has not been surpassed by any governor, be it military or civilian, that served afterwards.

Despite bestriding the state’s political sphere like a colossus, Baba Kekere, as he is fondly called (a reference to Awolowo Junior), is living a decent and modest life, enjoying the later part of his life in his one-storey building at Ilupeju.

Unlike many politicians who amassed stupendous wealth and resources after serving in any capacity and acquiring mansions and flashy cars, LKJ continues to live a modest life in retirement as a politician and one of the most successful media managers the country has ever produced, having started as a journalist, rising through the ranks to become the Editor- in- Chief of Tribune newspapers, and then a newspaper publisher.

His Number 2 Bishop Street, Ilupeju residence is devoid of the paraphernalia expected in a former governor’s residence, especially one of such status.

Except a few people who visit him to solicit for assistance in securing jobs, the former governor’s residence cannot be described as a beehive of activities to where people, especially politicians, throng. Politicians do not flock there because he no longer influences political decisions in the state.

Deji, one of his sons who was in the House of Representatives, was defeated in the APC primaries in December 2014. During a visit by this reporter, efforts to have a conversation with the octogenarian could not yield much result, as he could hardly speak for a long time.

He, however, said he was delighted that Lagos had developed tremendously and that he had no regret serving as governor of the state.

According to him, he is fulfilled that he was able to provide mass houses for Lagosians and implemented free education.

While former governors who served from 1999 to 2011 had access to substantial resources from the pension and retirement benefits allocated themselves, those who served prior to 1999 when Nigeria returned to civil rule were exempted from pension.

This is where many analysts faulted the present crop of politicians for not adequately taking care of those who laid the foundation for them.

Rights activist, Mr Yinka Odumakin, argues that Jakande would not even accept the kind of pension and retirement benefits which the governors allocated to themselves.

“What they are allocating to themselves is immoral, criminal and I don’t think people like Jakande can take that. What they are doing is criminal. They (former governors) should be given their due, they should be supported in their old age in decent ways but not with these criminal retirement benefits and packages that governors have allocated to themselves,” he said.

Many people believe that Lagos State has not done well to appreciate a man who gave his all in the service of the state, who professed a philosophy of service above self and accomplished projects and programmes that directly touch the lives of the people till today.

Governor Akinwumi Ambode acknowledged this during Jakande’s 87th birthday celebration where he was represented by his deputy, Dr (Mrs) Idiat Adebule.

“Alhaji Jakande is truly a progressive politician and administrator par excellence. We cannot forget his memorable years of selfless service to the people of Lagos State. He is a selfless leader who has set the precedent for us to follow and we shall not relent until we have surpassed his achievements in providing good governance in the state,” Ambode said in 2015.

Odumakin further said, “He (Jakande) remains a reference point of governance in Lagos State. He recorded unparalleled achievements. Nobody has met his standard. He faithfully implemented the four cardinal programmes of the UPN in his four years in terms of education, health, housing and the rest of them,” he said.

Barr. Monday Ubani, the second Vice President of the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA), said, “The man did almost everything, almost every aspect of infrastructural development was touched. He touched the housing sector, you know the Jakande Estates all over the place. He touched roads. There is no aspect of governance that that man did not touch. In fact, he is one of the best. The only person that is trying now is Ambode and if Ambode continues the way he is going now, he may likely meet the record but he may not surpass it,” he said.

“The man has a name. He and Samuel Mbakwe of the old Imo State and Abubakar Rimi of Kano State, these were the old governors of the 80s and I think we should be able to recognize them and give them a prominent place in our national life but that has not been done,” he added.

One area where Jakande endeared himself to the hearts of every Lagosian was in the implementation of mass housing projects across the state, the same way he built schools and put in place many iconic projects that have become permanent features of Lagos today.

His low-cost houses are in Ijaiye, Dolphin, Oke-Afa, Ije, Abesan, Iponri, Ipaja, Abule Nla, Epe, Amuwo-Odofin, Anikantamo, Surulere, Iba, Ikorodu, Badagry, Isheri/Olowu, Orisigun.

The houses were allocated to workers in a way that was quite easy and convenient for them to pay.

Lateef Jakande’s government built the current Lagos State Secretariat which houses all the state ministries as well as the popular Round House which was occupied by subsequent governors. Other monuments he embarked upon were the House of Assembly complex, State Television, Lagos Radio and Lagos State University.

He also established the General Hospital in all zones in the state, a Teacher Training College and a College of Education, the Water Management Board and Waste Disposal Board.

Also notable among his achievements were construction of numerous water works which ensures availability of potable water.

Jakande was said to have modernized and expanded the Iju Water Works which was first commissioned in 1915. This increased its daily capacity from 159 million to 204 million litres of water per day.

His government constructed, rehabilitated and resurfaced the Epe/Ijebu-Ode Road, Oba Akran Avenue, Toyin Street, Town Planning Way, Alimosho-Idimu-Egbe Road, Idimu-Iba-LASU Road and the new secretariat road, among others.

In the area of education, Jakande’s government raised primary schools in Lagos State to 812 with 533,001 pupils (against 605 primary schools with 434,545 pupils he met in 1979) and secondary schools to 223 with 167,629 students (against 105 schools with 107,835 students in 1979). His government constructed 11, 729 classrooms with a maximum of 40 children per class between March and August 1980, by 1983, he had constructed over 22,000 classrooms.

In July 1983, two commercial passenger boats named “Baba Kekere” and “Itafaji” to run the Mile 2 – Marina (CMS) route via the lagoon were inaugurated by his government to mark the official launch of the Lagos State Ferry Services. He established the Small Scale Industries Credit Scheme which preceded the EKO Bank as well as LASACO Assurance Company.

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By Anahad O’Connor

A growing body of research suggests that our bodies function optimally when we align our eating patterns with our circadian rhythms.Nutrition scientists have long debated the best diet for optimal health. But now some experts believe that it’s not just what we eat that’s critical for good health, but when we eat it.

A growing body of research suggests that our bodies function optimally when we align our eating patterns with our circadian rhythms, the innate 24-hour cycles that tell our bodies when to wake up, when to eat and when to fall asleep. Studies show that chronically disrupting this rhythm — by eating late meals or nibbling on midnight snacks, for example — could be a recipe for weight gain and metabolic trouble.

That is the premise of a new book, “The Circadian Code,” by Satchin Panda, a professor at the Salk Institute and an expert on circadian rhythms research. Dr. Panda argues that people improve their metabolic health when they eat their meals in a daily 8- to 10-hour window, taking their first bite of food in the morning and their last bite early in the evening.

This approach, known as early time-restricted feeding, stems from the idea that human metabolism follows a daily rhythm, with our hormones, enzymes and digestive systems primed for food intake in the morning and afternoon. Many people, however, snack and graze from roughly the time they wake up until shortly before they go to bed. Dr. Panda has found in his research that the average person eats over a 15-hour or longer period each day, starting with something like milk and coffee shortly after rising and ending with a glass of wine, a late night meal or a handful of chips, nuts or some other snack shortly before bed.


That pattern of eating, he says, conflicts with our biological rhythms.

Scientists have long known that the human body has a master clock in the brain, located in the hypothalamus, that governs our sleep-wake cycles in response to bright light exposure. A couple of decades ago, researchers discovered that there is not just one clock in the body but a collection of them. Every organ has an internal clock that governs its daily cycle of activity.

WELLDo you binge eat at night? Your hormones may be to blame. During the day, the pancreas increases its production of the hormone insulin, which controls blood sugar levels, and then slows it down at night. The gut has a clock that regulates the daily ebb and flow of enzymes, the absorption of nutrients and the removal of waste. The communities of trillions of bacteria that comprise the microbiomes in our guts operate on a daily rhythm as well. These daily rhythms are so ingrained that they are programmed in our DNA: Studies show that in every organ, thousands of genes switch on and switch off at roughly the same time every day.

“We’ve inhabited this planet for thousands of years, and while many things have changed, there has always been one constant: Every single day the sun rises and at night it falls,” Dr. Panda said. “We’re designed to have 24-hour rhythms in our physiology and metabolism. These rhythms exist because, just like our brains need to go to sleep each night to repair, reset and rejuvenate, every organ needs to have down time to repair and reset as well.”

Most of the evidence in humans suggests that consuming the bulk of your food earlier in the day is better for your health, said Dr. Courtney Peterson, an assistant professor in the department of nutrition sciences at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Dozens of studies demonstrate that blood sugar control is best in the morning and at its worst in the evening. We burn more calories and digest food more efficiently in the morning as well.

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At night, the lack of sunlight prompts the brain to release melatonin, which prepares us for sleep. Eating late in the evening sends a conflicting signal to the clocks in the rest of the body that it’s still daytime, said Dr. Peterson.

“If you’re constantly eating at a time of day when you’re not getting bright light exposure, then the different clock systems become out of sync,” she said. “It’s like one clock is in the time zone of Japan and the other is in the U.S. It gives your metabolism conflicting signals about whether to rev up or rev down.”

Most people know what happens when we disrupt the central clock in our brains by flying across multiple time zones or burning the midnight oil: Fatigue, jet lag and brain fog set in. Eating at the wrong time of day places similar strain on the organs involved in digestion, forcing them to work when they are programmed to be dormant, which can increase the risk of disease, said Paolo Sassone-Corsi, the director of the Center for Epigenetics and Metabolism at the University of California, Irvine.

“It’s well known that by changing or disrupting our normal daily cycles, you increase your risk of many pathologies,” said Dr. Sassone-Corsi, who recently published a paper on the interplay between nutrition, metabolism and circadian rhythms.

A classic example of this is shift workers, who account for about 20 percent of the country’s work force. Many frequently work overnight shifts, forcing them to eat and sleep at odd times. Nighttime shift work is linked to obesity, diabetes, some cancers and heart disease. While socioeconomic factors are likely to play a role, studies suggest that circadian disruption can directly lead to poor health.

In one experiment, scientists found that assigning healthy adults to delay their bedtimes and wake up later than normal for 10 days — throwing their circadian rhythms and their eating patterns out of sync — raised their blood pressure and impaired their insulin and blood sugar control. Another study found that forcing people to stay up late just a few nights in a row resulted in quick weight gain and reduced insulin sensitivity, changes linked to diabetes.

WELLFront-loading calories early in the day helps fight obesity, a seven-year study says. In 2012, Dr. Panda and his colleagues at the Salk Institute took genetically identical mice and split them into two groups. One had round-the-clock access to high-fat, high-sugar foods. The other ate the same foods but in an eight-hour daily window. Despite both groups consuming the same amount of calories, the mice that ate whenever they wanted got fat and sick while the mice on the time-restricted regimen did not: They were protected from obesity, fatty liver and metabolic disease.


Inspired by this research, Dr. Peterson conducted a tightly controlled experiment in a small group of prediabetic men. In one phase of the study, the subjects ate their meals in a 12-hour daily window for five weeks. In the other phase, they were fed the same meals in a six-hour window beginning each morning. The researchers had the subjects eat enough food to maintain their weight so they could assess whether the time-restricted regimen had any health benefits unrelated to weight loss.

It did. On the time-restricted regimen, the men had lower insulin, reduced levels of oxidative stress, less nighttime hunger and significantly lower blood pressure. Their systolic pressure, the top number, fell by roughly 11 points, and their diastolic pressure dropped by 10 points.

“It was a pretty large effect,” Dr. Peterson said. “It was exciting but also shocking.”

While studies suggest that eating earlier in the day is optimal for metabolic health, it does not necessarily mean that you should skip dinner. It might, however, make sense to make your dinners relatively light. One group of researchers in Israel found in studies that overweight adults lost more weight and had greater improvements in blood sugar, insulin and cardiovascular risk factors when they ate a large breakfast, modest lunch and small dinner compared to the opposite: A small breakfast and a large dinner. Dr. Peterson said it confirms an age-old adage: Eat breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince and dinner like a pauper.

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IT IS ONE of the most strikingly political lines from “Black Panther,” and it’s not even uttered during the film itself.

In the movie’s first mid-credits scene, we see the Black Panther/King T’Challa (Chadwick Boseman) speaking at a lectern as he announces a massive policy shift by his long-hidden African nation. Wakanda, the most technologically advanced place on the planet, will share some of its ideas and resources with the rest of the world.

In doing so, T’Challa quotes a version of an actual African proverb that says that “the wise build bridges” while “the foolish” build walls. (Some variations on that proverb say “dams” instead of “barriers” or “walls.”)

Gasps and laughter can often be heard in the theater when the Black Panther says that line, because it rings as a direct rebuke of President Trump’s plan to build a wall along the U.S.-Mexico border.

It resonates, in other words, as one of the most overtly political lines, in terms of real-world relevance, ever said in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.

“Wise men build bridges, foolish men build barriers.” — T’Challa #blackpanther In interviews, writer-director Ryan Coogler has said that the line was included without Trump’s wall in mind and that he was moved to include it after his wife brought the proverb to his attention. The filmmaker also notes that the Black Panther, as a ruler himself, has long been a political figure.

One real leader who appreciated the inclusion of that proverb is Rep. John Lewis (D-Ga.), the civil-rights hero who documented some of his story in the acclaimed graphic-novel memoir “March” — and who will continue to chronicle his civil rights fight in the recently announced comic book “Run.”

Lewis tells The Washington Post’s Comic Riffs that he loved that line.

“It is better to build bridges than to build walls,” Lewis says. “Who are you trying to keep in and who are you trying to keep out?”

“We should be building bridges to the rest of the world.”

Lewis grew up on comics himself and was moved to follow a life of nonviolent protest after reading a ’50s comic book about the Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., Rosa Parks and “the Montgomery Story.”

Lewis marched on Selma in 1965, the year before the Black Panther made his debut in Marvel Comics. (The Southern protest leader had marched for years before the launch of the Black Panther Party, as well.)

In the new film, Lewis sees much to admire and inspire.

 “Black Panther” fans reacted to that line on social media  favourably but how did you ?

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You are a highly influential person, although you may not yet know it.

Perhaps you are not yet aware of the influence you already have. Maybe you have not yet seen the reality of the influence you will one day have. Your influence lies dormant, waiting to find its full potential, which is not merely twice as much potential as you believe you might have, but 100x, 1000x, or more.

What is holding you back?

Perhaps it’s one of these 34 lies that highly influential people often tell themselves.

  1. No time. So you’re a home schooling single parent with 10 kids, a farm, and a business? You still have time. If Penelope Trunk (warning: language) has time, you have time.
  2. No money. Do you have a computer or a phone? Do you have internet? Then you’ve got enough money.
  3. I’m too old. John Houseman started acting when he was 71 years old…then he won an Oscar. You’re too old? Really?
  4. I’m too young. You mean 8-years old, like Evan was when he was making $1.3M per year making Lego videos? Or 17, like Connor Blakely who was consulting Fortune 500 companies and getting written up in Forbes at that age?
  5. I’m an introvert. Go read Quiet by Susan Cain. It won’t make you loud, but as a fellow introvert I promise it will make you feel better. Regardless, a bunch of influencers out there are also introverts. I’m not saying it’s not harder to put yourself out there if you’re an introvert–of course it is, but that doesn’t mean you can’t do it.
  6. I can’t write well. Neither can I. Seriously. But maybe your idea of what “writing well” is, is different than what your audience thinks it is. Plus writing well is a skill, one you can learn. I learned to write better by reading a lot. If you want to learn how to write well, go read On Writing by Stephen King. Yes, that Stephen King, and if you don’t like that Stephen King’s books (I don’t), give this one a chance.
  7. I need a website. No you don’t. Trust me, I even run a marketing firm that creates personal brand websites, and even I’m telling you that you don’t need a website to get started.
  8. I’m overwhelmed. It might because you have your head full of all sorts of things you think you need, or things you think you need to do, in order to become influential. How do you eat an elephant? One bite at a time. Start with one thing.
  9. I can’t speak well. Then write. Or fill your mouth with rocks and practice speaking. Or listen to Grant Baldwin’s podcast or read Michael Port’s book Steal the Show.
  10. I don’t like people. I’m going to assume you’re not pathological, suffering from clinical depression, or on the verge of some sort of breakdown. If you’re any of those things, talk to a psychologist. If you just get tired of people sometimes and feel grouchy a lot, then perhaps you’re right about whatever it is you think about other people. Maybe you’ve been unlucky enough to be around a bunch of jerks or losers most of your life. Maybe you feel superior to most people, and you don’t like yourself, so you’ve concluded the rest of the world must be even worse. I’ve only got one solution for you–forget yourself and get to work. Lose yourself in service to others, perhaps the worst type of people you can think of. Start serving, without thinking about yourself at all, and I suspect you’ll start feeling better about those people, and yourself. Tell me how it works out for you.
  11. I need a lucky break. Lucky breaks are nice. I was lucky enough to have a mother who gave me a love of reading. I was lucky enough to get a great education. I was lucky enough to enjoy blogging. I was lucky enough to have a friend who introduced me to an editor at Forbes who liked what I was blogging about. I had been blogging for 10 years and had written almost a thousand posts at that point. What’s that they say about luck, how it tends to happen when preparation meets opportunity? There’s something to that.
  12. I’m paralyzed by fear. Keisha Blair has a piece on Medium that will give you 16 Steps to Overcome Your Fears. What helps me is to remind myself that my audience wants me to succeed. They’re my cheerleaders. I realized this when I attended a TEDx event and saw a speaker choke. I mean seriously choke, for five full minutes! It was soooo painful to watch, but then the audience started calling out, saying things like “Take your time!” and “We love you!” I still get nervous when I get up to speak, but now I know the audience is on my side and it helps me keep the butterflies under control.
  13. I’m not smart enough. Many of the most influential people in history were individuals whose confidence outstripped their intelligence by several factors. If you don’t feel smart, keep things simple. That’s what people like, anyway. I try to write at a 5th grade level. That’s not because I think you have the intelligence of a 5th grader, but because that’s what most people find comfortable to read. Ever read something that had lots of flowery words that make it sound like the writer is showing off? Ugh, annoying. There are too many “smart” people in this world.
  14. Fake it ‘til you make it. You know the guy who rents a Lamborghini and takes photos of himself in front of a mansion and says “I can teach you how to make millions!” Don’t be that guy. If you can fake it well enough to fool anyone you’re probably working harder than if you did it for real, so just be real. For the record, the last car I bought was a used minivan.
  15. It’s not my personality. What isn’t? Helping other people? What is it about being influential that’s not within your personality? Chances are you have a preconception about what it means to be influential that isn’t based in fact. If “it” isn’t part of your personality, then influence in ways that are.
  16. I’m going to look stupid. Um…ok, I’m going to give it to you straight–you’re right. But you’re only going to look stupid to yourself. Nobody else will care. It’s like going to the gym for the first time. You think everyone is watching you and laughing at you, and after a few weeks you realize nobody cares.
  17. I need an audience first. Having an audience is a great thing…but audiences don’t come from vending machines, they’re built over time through countless interactions that create trust. What you need first is an objective, then to know who you are, then to know who your audience is, then the right message for them, and a channel to deliver that message. Then you can start delivering the message and building the audience that will buy your book and pay you to speak. There’s an order to this and if you try to shortcut the process by thinking you can buy a following on Instagram chances are you’ll spend more time, money, and effort that way than if you just focused on creating great content and delivering it.
  18. I need more experience. Don’t we all…well, no, we don’t. We want more experience, and we can benefit from more experience, but we don’t need it to get started. Here’s an easy way to get started even if you have absolutely zero experience in the area you want to focus on–interview those who do have the experience.
  19. Now is not the right time. And when will it be? “No,” you say, “Really, it’s really not the right time.” Maybe you’re right, but probably not. 99% chance you’re lying to yourself and it will never be the right time until you make it the right time, so why not make now the right time?
  20. Influence is about “tricks.” That’s short-term thinking. Tricks can work, and sometimes they can help deliver the goods, but they’re no substitute for real value.
  21. I don’t know who to talk to. You don’t know who your audience is? Then open your mouth, start talking, and see who listens. Make it easy for them to find you. Yes, it’s important to figure out who your audience is, at some point, but that point doesn’t need to be Day 1. I’m still figuring out exactly who my audience is, and perhaps I’ll never stop figuring it out.
  22. I need more credibility first. Credibility can help. When I published my 1,000 blog posts nobody cared. When I wrote the same stuff for Forbes suddenly people cared. But I never would have gotten the chance to write for Forbes if I hadn’t blogged first. In the long run, content beats credibility, because credibility comes from the content.
  23. I don’t know the right people. Good news, it’s never been easier to meet them! Even if you know absolutely know one do this–take my 30 day challenge to help someone every day online, in a public forum, in your area of expertise. Find posts you can comment on, create posts that are helpful. Make it 100% about serving, and not at all about yourself, unless by telling about your experiences you can help others. I bet within 30 days you’ll know a lot of “the right people.”
  24. I’m not good looking enough. I feel your pain, because I’m looking at you…ha! Just kidding. But seriously, very few people are as good looking as you think they are. Lighting and makeup can work wonders. You know what really makes people good looking? No, not beer–confidence! There are ugly, short, fat guys running around with beautiful women, and unattractive women with gaggles of guys after them, and the reason why is confidence. Work on your confidence and nobody will care much what you look like. That said, take care of yourself, I’m not advocating that you eat Ben & Jerry’s all day and try to become influential while wearing stained, stinky sweatpants.
  25. Nobody cares what I have to say. Flat out wrong. There is someone out there who doesn’t care what anyone has to say except you. And not just one person, but hundreds, thousands, perhaps tens of thousands. You just need to find them and deliver your message.
  26. There’s something wrong with me. George Clooney said he would never run for office because he’s slept with too many women and done too many drugs. I think that’s a shame because despite Clooney’s past bad behavior, I think he’s a good guy, even if I disagree with him on a lot of political ideas. I’d rather have 10 flawed-yet-honest politicians than 500 corrupt ones with polished exteriors. Perhaps whatever is wrong with you can even be part of your genius zone.
  27. It’s beneath my dignity, I’m too pure. It’s not, and you aren’t. You’re a victim of your prejudices and misconceptions of what it means to be a person of influence.
  28. You have to be dishonest to be influential. There are certainly people who are master manipulators out there, and seem to know just what to say and how to say it to part fools with their money, but there are bad actors in every profession. Don’t let the bad influencers stop you from sharing your gifts with the world because you made the incorrect assumption that everyone who is influential is lacking in the integrity department.
  29. I need to focus on a big group of people. It’s tempting to say “I help everyone do everything!” but nobody will believe you. Start out niche, turn that small audience into raving fans, then expand.
  30. I need to focus on a small group of people. No, I swear I’m not contradicting myself. The mistake is to make yourself unavailable to a potentially wider audience.
  31. It’s wrong to charge money to help people. My wife has a bunch of great vegan recipes like vegan mac and cheese and vegan lasagna that actually taste really, really good…and I’m something of a mac and cheese aficionado. I keep telling her to do classes locally and charge for them but she feels guilty, but without people paying she’s not committed to it, because she’s not asking anyone to commit to her, and the world is poorer as a result. Now, my wife has plenty of other things that are perhaps more important, but you get the idea. If you charge money for the influence you have, you are more committed, you can afford to do it more, perhaps full-time, and the world is richer for it. There’s nothing wrong with asking people to pay you as long as you deliver what you promise. Nobody is being forced into it. Why not give them the chance to get what you have to give?
  32. I need a better camera, mic, computer, etc. Got a phone? Got a computer? You’re good. Lots of influencers start out this way. Many continue this way. Typically this is just an excuse to cover up for something else, like fear.
  33. I’m too sensitive, I can’t put myself out there. What are you afraid of? What’s the worst that can happen? Someone you don’t know and will never meet will leave a mean comment on your YouTube video, which you can then delete? Ok, ok, I’m a bit sensitive myself, and when someone calls me out for something it festers for a long time, even if I think I’m right, and that can be discouraging. The reason I keep putting content out there is because I know for every person who says something critical or unkind, there are 100 who feel the opposite way, and it will be the same for you. The only difference between you and me, perhaps, is that I’ve been around long enough to know this is the case.
  34. Someone has already said what I have to say. No, they haven’t. Just because they said the same words, talking about the same topic, does not mean what you want to say has already been said. You are unique. Your context is different. You can say the exact same words someone else says, and it will be taken differently. For example, if you’re a woman saying something a man has already said, perhaps there is a woman in your audience who has trouble trusting men, so she can’t listen to the man say it, but she can trust you when you say it. Or maybe she only trusts people from New Jersey, and you’re from Jersey but the guy is from New York. There are a thousand reasons why certain people will listen to you deliver your message and nobody else, even if 10,000 other people have already delivered it. On top of that, just because it’s been said doesn’t mean everyone in your audience has already heard it. You might be the first person they hear it from.

There are many lies we tell ourselves to avoid responsibility and give in to our fears. Whatever the cause, when we keep our mouths shut the world misses out. Someone isn’t inspired the way they would have been. Somebody’s life isn’t changed. Your story matters. What you have to say is important. Whatever shortcomings you may have as a person of influence, you can overcome them and become influential.

Got an excuse I didn’t address? Tell me about it in the comments below.


The Nigerian Army has said that it has discovered that Boko Haram terrorists have started using drones and foreign fighters. The Army in a statement by Brigadier General Sani Kukasheka Usman on Wednesday said ‘we have noticed daring moves by the terrorists, increased use of drones against our defensive positions and infusion of foreign fighters in their ranks.

These potent threats require us to continually review our operations. Isreali Aerolight The Army also expressed gratitude to the President, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, Federal Republic of Nigeria, President Muhammadu Buhari (GCFR) for visiting the troops including some of the wounded officers and soldiers in the hospitals saying ‘we thank His Excellency the Executive Governor and good people of Borno State who have taken the brunt of the nefarious activities of the Boko Haram terrorists. Our gratitude also goes to the Honourable Minister of Defence, the Chief of Defence Staff and the Service Chiefs, who have all shown concern and visited the troops. The Nigerian Army also thanks all patriotic and concerned Nigerians who have sent in messages of goodwill and support for the Nigerian Army.

’ Read full statement below In continuation with our resolve to keep Nigerians well informed of the activities of the Nigerian Army, I will be briefing you on the recent happenings in the North East of Nigeria. In the recent weeks, Nigerian troops deployed in the North East of Nigeria under Operation LAFIYA DOLE have come under series of attacks by large numbers of Boko Haram Terrorists. Photos: Buhari in Maiduguri Specifically, the Nigerian Army troops deployed at KUKAWA, NGOSHE, KARETO and GAJIRAM came under attack at different times within a 2 week period from 2 – 17th November 2018. Each of these incidents were successfully repelled and several members of the terrorists were killed. However, a total of 16 personnel were killed in the course of these attacks while 12 soldiers were wounded in action and are receiving treatment at our military medical facilities.

As you are all aware, Nigeria is contributing troops to the Multi-National Joint Task Force (MNJTF) which has its headquarters in N’djamena, in the Republic of Chad. One of the Nigerian battalions (157 TF Bn), deployed under the auspices of the MNJTF was attacked at their Base on the outskirts of a town called METELE on 18th November 2018. During the attack, the troops were forced to withdraw and several casualties were recorded. As at date 23 personnel were killed in action and 31 personnel were wounded in action and have been evacuated to several medical hospitals within Borno State. The Nigerian Army commiserates with the MNJTF at this difficult time and wishes to state that all necessary support will be rendered to the MNJTF to reverse this resurgence of the Boko Haram Terrorists. The Nigerian Army wishes to further commiserate with the families of the gallant officers and soldiers that paid the supreme price in the course of defending their fatherland. The sacrifices of these fallen heroes will not be in vain.

We also wish all those wounded in action speedy recovery and assure them of our continued support and care. The incident of 18th November 2018, happened at a time when the Nigerian Army was planning to hold the Chief of Army Staff Annual Conference for 2018 in Benin City, Edo State. On account of this incident, the Conference had to be moved from Benin City to Maiduguri to enable the Nigerian Army leadership get closer to the troops on the ground and to better appraise our activities, assess our performance and identify our shortcomings as an Army. We are also sensitive to the fact that the nation is approaching an election year and thus we must be prepared to assist in providing security for the peaceful conduct of elections.

Accordingly, the theme for this year’s annual conference is aptly titled, “Optimizing the Operational Efficiency of the Nigerian Army Towards Safeguarding Democracy and National Security in Nigeria”. Let me at this juncture assure all Nigerians and indeed the international community that the NA will work optimally, in conjunction with other security agencies to provide a secure environment for peace and unity in Nigeria. Since 2015, the Nigerian Army in conjunction with sister services and other security agencies have systematically degraded the capabilities and capacity of Boko Haram terrorists and many successes were achieved. However, in the last 2 – 3 months, we have noticed daring moves by the terrorists, increased use of drones against our defensive positions and infusion of foreign fighters in their ranks. These potent threats require us to continually review our operations. At this point permit me to implore all of us to spare a thought for the brave men and women of the Nigerian Army who paid the supreme price for the security of Nigeria. The Nigerian Army will continue to support the families of these brave officers and soldiers and pray that their souls rest in perfect peace. Let us also not forget the men, women and children who have been killed or affected by the atrocities of the terrorists.

It is for their sake that this war against terror must be won. The Nigerian Army wishes to express its gratitude to the President, Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces, Federal Republic of Nigeria, President Muhammadu Buhari (GCFR) who has visited the troops including some of the wounded officers and soldiers in the hospitals. We also thank His Excellency the Executive Governor and good people of Borno State who have taken the brunt of the nefarious activities of the Boko Haram terrorists. Our gratitude also goes to the Honourable Minister of Defence, the Chief of Defence Staff and the Service Chiefs, who have all shown concern and visited the troops. The Nigerian Army also thanks all patriotic and concerned Nigerians who have sent in messages of goodwill and support for the Nigerian Army.

Finally, the Nigerian Army, wishes to reiterate and pledge its total commitment to the defence of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. We wish to reassure all Nigerians of the commitment of the Nigerian Army to defend our country at all costs. We shall also continue to remain apolitical, professional and responsive in the discharge of our constitutional roles.

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